BRUSSELS EU environment ministers are bracing for a tough debate on Tuesday to find a compromise on reforms to the carbon market, EU sources said, with nations split over how to balance climate ambitions with protection for energy-intensive industry.
The bloc’s 28 nations are pushing for an accord after the European Parliament last week adopted a draft reform of the European Union’s emissions trading system (ETS).
The cap-and-trade permit system is the EU’s flagship policy for meeting its climate goals by regulating emissions at 11,000 industrial and power installations. It has suffered from excess supply since the financial crisis, which depressed prices.
But EU nations are divided over three major issues: the level of ambition in measures to strengthen prices; how much protection industry needs to remain competitive; and how best to manage funds to help laggards modernize their economies.
“We are bracing for battle,” one EU diplomat said.
EU nations need a common position before beginning talks with parliament and the European Commission – the final leg of EU legislation on the reforms tabled by the EU’s executive arm more than a year ago.
The bloc is also keen for swift adoption of what will be its first big piece of climate legislation since it ratified the Paris accord on curbing global warming. The ETS is the EU’s main tool to achieve its goal of a 43 percent cut in greenhouse gases from industries and power plants compared with 2005.